Small group learning: Problem-based-learning approach

Salerno-Kennedy, R. (2010) Small group learning: Problem-based-learning approach. In: Medical Education: The State of the Art. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., pp. 89-91. ISBN 9781608761944 (ISBN)


A variety of teaching methods for small groups has found an increasing role in medical education worldwide. Not all of the approaches that have been developed are widely used, nor are their advantages and disadvantages well documented. The Socratic dialogue of bedside teaching has always been and should remain at the core of medical education. The relatively recent introduction of the Clinical Skills Laboratory (CSL) with simulated patients has helped medical students to overcome problems related to doctor-patient' interaction and physical examination; it is still under development. Problem based learning (PBL) is another approach that has gained increasing credibility internationally. It is fundamentally a learner centered educational method, which has become a useful tool in higher education, particularly in undergraduate medical programmes. It has been implemented as an alternative to conventional curricula by several medical schools in the United States and elsewhere. This chapter presents an overview of the most effective methods that have been developed to date, including clinical teaching in small groups, such as bedside teaching and the Clinical Skills Laboratory. Particular emphasis is placed on PBL. © 2010 Nova Science Publishers, Inc. All rights reserved.

View Item