Student nurses' intention to get the influenza vaccine

Cornally, Nicola, Deasy, Elizabeth Ann, McCarthy, Geraldine, Moran, Joe and Weathers, Elizabeth (2013) Student nurses' intention to get the influenza vaccine. pp. 1207-1211. ISSN 09660461


Introduction: There is no national or international recommendation for nursing students to receive the influenza vaccine. Nurses are among the group of health professionals who traditionally have a low uptake of the vaccine and who arguably have the closest contact with patients. Aim: To investigate the uptake of influenza vaccination among student nurses, explore reasons for either declining or receiving it in the past, and establish if and to what extent the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) can explain vaccination behaviour. Methods: A quantitative, descriptive, correlational design was used. Data were collected with a researcher-developed questionnaire; 131 student nurses participated. Ethical approval was gained. Results: 79% (n=104) had never received the vaccine. The most common reason was 'I don't need it as I rarely get ill'. Low mean 'intention' scores indicated that students were unlikely to get the vaccine once qualified. Past behaviour was significantly associated with future intentions. The TPB explained 41.9% of the variance in intention. Attitude emerged as the greatest predictor. Conclusion: Student nurses do not have strong intentions to get the vaccine. Results serve to guide future educational and occupational health initiatives, which would benefit from a framework based on TPB. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]; Copyright of British Journal of Nursing is the property of MA Healthcare Limited and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)

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