Implementing peer tutoring in a graduate medical education programme

Salerno-Kennedy, R. and Henn, P. and O'Flynn, S. (2010) Implementing peer tutoring in a graduate medical education programme. Clinical Teacher, 7 (2). pp. 83-89. ISSN 17434971 (ISSN)

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Abstract

Background: In modern times, peer tutoring methods have been explored in health care education for over 30 years. In this paper, we report our experience of implementing a peer-tutoring approach to Clinical Skills Laboratory (CSL) training in the Graduate Entry in Medicine Programme (GEM) at University College Cork. Methods: Eighteen fourth-year medical students were recruited as peer tutors for CSL sessions on physical examination. In order to standardise the process, we developed a training course for peer tutors that comprised two stages. They then ran the practical sessions with junior students, under the watchful eye of medical educators. At the end of the last CSL session, the students were given 10 minutes to reflect individually on the experience, and were asked to complete a feedback form. Results: Twenty-four of the 42 GEM students and six of the seven Senior Tutors (STs) completed and returned their feedback forms. With the caveats of small sample sizes and low response rates, both groups reported that they had both positive and negative experiences of peer tutoring, but that the positive experiences predominated. Conclusion: The overall experience was positive. In terms of the primary thesis of this study, the STs thought that they were well prepared by the teaching staff to take part in these teaching sessions. © Blackwell Publishing Ltd 2010.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By :4; Export Date: 23 February 2015; Correspondence Address: Salerno-Kennedy, R.; Rossana Salerno-Kennedy, School of MedicineBrookfield Health Sciences Complex, University College, Cork, Ireland; email: r.kennedy@ucc.ie; References: Costello, J., Learning from each other: peer teaching and learning in student nurse training (1989) Nurse Education Today, 9, pp. 203-206; Clarke, B., Feltham, W., Facilitating peer group teaching with nurse education (1990) Nurse Education Today, 10, pp. 54-57; Lincoln, M., McAllister, L., Peer learning in clinical education (1993) Med Teach, 15, pp. 17-25; Topping, K.J., The effectiveness of peer tutoring in further and higher education: a typology and review of the literature (1996) High. Educ., 32, pp. 321-345; Resnick, P.J., Mac Dougall, E., The use of senior medical students as preceptors in freshman clinical science (1976) J Med Educ, 51, pp. 763-765; Sobral, D.T., Cross-year peer tutoring experience in a medical school: conditions and outcomes for student tutors (2002) Med Educ, 36, pp. 1064-1070; Secomb, J., A systematic review of peer teaching and learning in clinical education (2008) Journal of Clinical Nursing, 17, pp. 703-716; Haist, S.A., Wilson, J.F., Brigham, N.L., Fosson, S.E., Blue, A.V., Comparing fourth-year medical students with faculty in the teaching of physical examination skills to first-year students (1998) Acad Med, 73, pp. 198-200; Josephson, S.A., Whelan, M.D., A new first-year course designed and taught by a senior medical student (2002) Acad Med, 77, pp. 1207-1211; Hartman, H.J., Factors affecting the tutoring process (1990) Journal of Educational Development, 14, pp. 2-6; Glynn, G.G., MacFarlane, A., Kelly, M., Cantillon, P., Murphy, A.W., Helping each other to learn - a process evaluation of peer assisted learning (2006) BMC, 6, p. 18; Ross, M.T., Cameron, H., Peer assisted learning: a planning and implementation framework: AMEE Guide no. 30 (2007) Med Teach, 29, pp. 527-545; Goldschmid, B., Goldschmid, M.I., Peer teaching in higher education: a review (1976) High. Educ, 5, pp. 9-33; Haist, S.A., Wilson, J.F., Fosson, S.E., Brigham, N.L., Are fourth-year medical students effective teachers of the physical examination to first-year medical students? (1997) J Gen Intern Med, 12, pp. 177-181; Wagner, L., (1982) Peer Teaching: historical perspective, , Westport, CT, Greenwood Press; Hudson, J.N., Tonkin, A.L., Clinical skills education: outcomes of relationships between junior medical students, senior peers and simulated patients (2008) Med Educ, 42, pp. 901-908; Pasquinelli, L.M., Greenberg, L.W., A review of medical school programs that train medical students as teachers (MEDSATS) (2008) Teach Learn Med, 20, pp. 73-81; Yuen Loke, A.J.T., Chow, F.L.W., Learning partnership - the experience of peer tutoring among nursing students: a qualitative study (2005) International Journal of Nursing Studies, 44, pp. 237-244; Walker, M., Peyton, J.W.R., Teaching in theatre (1998) Teaching and learning in medical practice, pp. 171-180. , Peyton JWR. ed, Rickmansworth, UK, Manticore Europe Limited; Edgar, S., Lamb, I., Teaching clinical and communication skills and giving effective feedback (2010) Medical Education: The State of the Art, , Salerno-Kennedy R, O'Flynn S. eds, NY, Oxford Nova Science Publisher; Pendleton, D., Schofield, T., Tate, P., Havelock, P., (1984) The Consultation: an Approach to Learning and Teaching, , Oxford, Oxford University Press
Uncontrolled Keywords: article; case control study; curriculum; female; human; leadership; male; medical education; medical student; methodology; peer group; teacher; teaching; Case-Control Studies; Education, Medical, Graduate; Humans; Mentors; Students, Medical
Depositing User: National Forum
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2015 07:45
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2015 07:47
URI: http://eprints.teachingandlearning.ie/id/eprint/3653

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