Observations of veterinary medicine students' approaches to study in pre-clinical years

Ryan, M. T. and Irwin, J. A. and Bannon, F. J. and Mulholland, C. W. and Baird, A. W. (2004) Observations of veterinary medicine students' approaches to study in pre-clinical years. Journal of Veterinary Medical Education, 31 (3). pp. 242-254. ISSN 0748321X (ISSN)

Full text not available from this resource.
Official URL: http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0...


Rationale for this study - This study has two purposes. The first is to explore an instrument of evaluation of the approaches to study (deep, strategic, and surface) adopted by students in the pre-clinical years of their veterinary degree program. The second is to examine relationships between these approaches and a broad range of further factors deemed relevant to the veterinary medicine context. We envisage that a greater knowledge of how these students learn will aid curriculum reform in a way that will enrich the learning experience of veterinary students. Methodology - A questionnaire consisting of the 52-question Approaches to Study Inventory (ASI) and an additional 49 questions relating mainly to teaching, assessment, and study skills was distributed to 215 veterinary medicine (MVB) students in their pre-clinical years of study. Factor analysis was used to ensure that the ASI section of the questionnaire maintained previously reported structure. The internal reliability of the approaches measured was tested using Cronbach alpha analysis. The approaches were described as frequency distributions. Associations between the parameters (deep, strategic, and surface) and 49 additional context-specific factors were investigated using loglinear analysis. Results - (1) Factor analysis revealed that the integrity and structure of the instrument in this context was generally comparable to previous studies. (2) The impact of a high workload was evident in the surface approach, with fear of failure becoming a strong motivating factor and syllabus boundness a widely used strategy. (3) Associations made between the approaches and 49 context-specific factors showed strong associations between both workload and lack of prior knowledge with the surface approach. (4) Grades were associated positively with both the deep and strategic approaches but negatively with the surface approach. (5) A range of learning and study skills were associated positively with the deep and strategic approaches and negatively with the surface approach. Conclusion - The ASI proved to be a reliable and insightful instrument, highlighting specific surface learning tendencies present in the group as well as a deep learning approach, the pattern of which deviates from previous studies on this subject. This study also confirms the value of some teaching practices as a means of supporting deep learning and perhaps challenging surface learning strategies. The prevalent perception of a high workload is notable, as is its positive association with surface learning.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By :27; Export Date: 23 February 2015; Correspondence Address: Ryan, M.T.; Dept. of Vet. Physiol. and Biochem., Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland; email: marion.ryan@ucd.ie; References: Banks, W., Learning and teaching styles: An important component of the veterinary medical debate (1992) J Vet Med Educ, 19, pp. 138-144; http://www.ucd.ie/vetmed/Kwan, C.Y., What is problem-based learning (PBL)? (2000) CDTL Brief, 3 (3), pp. 1-5; Keefe, J.W., Learning style: An overview (1979) NASSP's Student Learning Styles: Diagnosing and Prescribing Programs, pp. 1-17. , Reston, VA: National Association of Secondary Schools; Dangwal, R., Mitra, S., Learning styles and perceptions of self Int Educ J, 1 (1), pp. 61-71; Myers, I.B., McCaulley, M.H., Quenck, N., Hammer, A., (1998) MBTI Manual: A Guide to the Development and Use of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, 3rd Ed., , Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press; Kolb, D.A., (1985) Learning-Style Inventory (LSI), , Boston: Mcber & Co; Felder, R.M., Matters of style (1996) ASEE Prism, 6 (4), pp. 18-23; Felder, R.M., "Reaching the second tier": Learning and teaching styles in college science education (1993) J Coll Sci Teach, 23, pp. 286-290; Biggs, B.J., Approaches to the enhancement of tertiary teaching (1989) High Educ R&D, 8 (1), pp. 7-25; Entwhistle, N., Tait, H., McCune, V., Patterns of response to approaches to studying inventory across contrasting groups and contexts (2000) Eur J Psychol Educ, 15, pp. 33-48; Stickle, J.E., Lloyd, J., Keller, W.F., Cherney, E., Learning styles in veterinary medicine: Relation to progression through the professional curriculum and integration into the profession (1999) J Vet Med Educ, 26, pp. 9-12; Marton, F., Saljo, R., On qualitative differences in learning, I: Outcome and process (1976) Brit J Educ Psychol, 46, pp. 4-11; Marton, F., Saljo, R., Approaches to Learning (1997) The Experience of Learning, pp. 39-58. , Marton F, Hounsell D, Entwhistle N, eds. Edinburgh: Scottish Academic Press; Entwhistle, N., Ramsden, P., (1983) Understanding Student Learning, , London: Croom Helm; Entwhistle, N., Hanley, M., Hounsell, D., Identifying distinctive approaches to studying (1979) High Educ, 8, pp. 365-380; Entwhistle, N., Tait, H., Approaches to learning, evaluations of teaching, and preferences for contrasting academic environments (1990) High Educ, 19, pp. 169-194; Tait, H., Entwhistle, N., McCune, V., ASSIST: A reconceptualisation of the Approaches to Studying Inventory (1998) Improving Student Learning: Improving Students As Learners, pp. 262-271. , Rust C, ed. Oxford: Oxford Centre for Staff and Learning Development; ASSIST Questionnaire, , http://www.ed.ac.uk/etl/questionnaires/ASSIST; Kline, P., (1994) An Easy Guide to Factor Analysis, , London: Routledge; Agresti, A., (1990) Categorical Data Analysis, , New York: Wiley; Fielding, J., Gilbert, N., (2000) Understanding Social Science Statistics, pp. 287-295. , London: Sage Publications; Rhem, J., Deep/surface approaches to learning: An introduction (1995) Nat Teach Learn Forum, 5 (1), pp. 1-5; Ramsden, P., Entwhistle, N.J., Effects of academic departments on students' approaches to studying (1981) Brit J Educ Psychol, 51, pp. 368-383; Thomas, P., Bain, J.D., Contextual dependence of learning approaches: The effects of assessments (1984) Hum Learn, 3, pp. 227-240; Fransson, A., On qualitative differences in learning, IV: Effects of intrinsic motivation and extrinsic test anxiety on process and outcome (1997) Brit J Educ Psychol, 47, pp. 244-257; Richardson, J., Mature age students in higher education, I: A literature survey on approaches to studying (1994) Stud High Educ, 19, pp. 309-325; Chambers, E.A., Workload and the quality of student learning (1992) Stud High Educ, 17, pp. 141-152; Kember, D., Ng, S., Tse, H., Wong, E.T.T., Pomfret, M., An examination of the interrelationships between workload, study time, learning approaches and academic outcomes (1996) Stud High Educ, 21, pp. 347-358; Light, G., Cox, R., (2001) Learning and Teaching in Higher Education: The Reflective Professional, , London: Sage; Fresco, F., Nasser, F., Interpreting student ratings: Consultation, instructional modification, and attitudes towards course evaluation (2001) Stud Educ Eval, 27, pp. 291-305; Bloom, B.S., (1956) Taxonomy of Educational Objectives: The Classification of Educational Goals. Handbook I: Cognitive Domain, pp. 201-207. , New York: McKay; Eyre, P., Professing change (2001) J Vet Med Educ, 28, pp. 3-9
Uncontrolled Keywords: article; evaluation; human; learning; medical education; medical student; questionnaire; skill; veterinary medicine; Adolescent; Adult; Attitude; Curriculum; Education, Medical, Undergraduate; Education, Veterinary; Female; Humans; Male; Models, Educational; Program Evaluation; Questionnaires; Students, Medical
Depositing User: National Forum
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2015 22:25
Last Modified: 10 Dec 2015 22:28
URI: http://eprints.teachingandlearning.ie/id/eprint/3643

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year