Questioning: A tool in the nurse educator's kit

Nicholl, H. M. and Tracey, C. A. B. (2007) Questioning: A tool in the nurse educator's kit. Nurse Education in Practice, 7 (5). pp. 285-292. ISSN 14715953 (ISSN)

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Effective questioning is one of the most important teaching techniques and plays a crucial role in creating an effective learning environment. Yet, in nurse education little has been written about this technique or its importance. Most literature refers to the need for lecturers to be skilled in questioning, but less is written about how to develop this essential technique. Being skilled in questioning is an important fundamental step towards becoming an effective lecturer. Developing the skills necessary to help students draw on and apply acquired knowledge in new, unique situations requires the skilled use of questioning. Most experienced lecturers use both written and verbal questioning, but evidence suggests that the majority of their questioning is posed at lower cognitive levels of description. Quality teaching requires students to be engaged with the content of learning tasks designed to reach understanding. Using questioning appropriately facilitates the learning process by requiring the student to participate in the process and to achieve higher comprehension skills by acquiring deep, elaborate understanding of the subject. To acquire and develop this skill, the lecturer is required to understand questioning, to select the tool appropriately and to use questions that are varied, planned, appropriate and humanely posed. The functions of questioning, types of questions and the key skills required for the effective use of this teaching strategy are outlined in this article. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By :10; Export Date: 23 February 2015; Correspondence Address: Nicholl, H.M.; School of Nursing and Midwifery, Trinity College Dublin, 24 D'Olier Street, Dublin, 2, Ireland; email:; References: Billings, D.M., Halstead, J.A., (2005) Teaching Nursing - A guide for Faculty, , Elsevier Saunders, Missouri; Bloom, B.S., (1956) Taxonomy of Educational objectives: The Classification of Educational Goals: Handbook 1 Cognitive domain, , Longmans, New York; Carin, A.A., (1987) Teaching Science Through Discovery, , Merill, Upper Saddle River N.J; Dantonio, M., (1990) How Can We Create Thinkers? Creative Strategies that Work for Teachers, , National Educational Service, Bloomington IN; Johns, C., The Burford nursing development unit holistic model of nursing practice (1992) J. Adv. Nurs., 16, pp. 1090-1098; Minton, D., (1998) Teaching Skills in Further & Adult Education. second ed., , Hampshire, Macmillan; Morgan, N., Saxton, J., (1991) Teaching, Questioning and Learning, , Routledge, New York; Petty, G., (1998) Teaching Today. second ed., , Cheltenham, Nelson Thornes; Phillips, N., Duke, M., The questioning skills of clinical teachers and preceptors: a comparative study (2001) J. Adv. Nurs., 33 (4), pp. 523-529; Price, B., (2003) Studying Nursing Using Problem Based & Enquiry-Based Learning, , Palgrave Macmillan, London; Quinn, F.M., (2000) Principles and Practice of Nurse Education. fourth ed., , Thornes, Cheltenham; Ramsden, P., (2003) Learning to Teach in Higher Education. second ed., , Routledge Falmer, London; Roth, R.A., Preparing the reflective practitioner: transforming the apprentice through the dialectic (1989) J. Teach. Educ., 40 (2), pp. 31-35; Sachdeva, A.K., Use of effective questioning to enhance the cognitive abilities of students (1996) J. Cancer Educ., 11, pp. 117-124; Salpellah, S., Blackmore, H.T., McMurray, A.M., The use of questioning strategies by clinical teachers (1998) J. Adv. Nurs., 28 (1), pp. 142-148;
Uncontrolled Keywords: Learning environment; Nurse education; Questioning; Teaching strategies; article; human; human relation; interpersonal communication; methodology; nursing education; problem based learning; teaching; Communication; Education, Nursing; Humans; Interpersonal Relations; Problem-Based Learning
Depositing User: National Forum
Date Deposited: 05 Dec 2015 14:51
Last Modified: 09 Dec 2015 21:41

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