The role of personality and self-efficacy in the selection and retention of successful nursing students: A longitudinal study

McLaughlin, K. and Moutray, M. and Muldoon, O. T. (2008) The role of personality and self-efficacy in the selection and retention of successful nursing students: A longitudinal study. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 61 (2). pp. 211-221. ISSN 03092402 (ISSN)

Full text not available from this resource.
Official URL: http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0...

Abstract

The role of personality and self-efficacy in the selection and retention of successful nursing students: a longitudinal study This paper is a report of a study to examine the role of personality and self-efficacy in predicting academic performance and attrition in nursing students. Despite a considerable amount of research investigating attrition in nursing students and new nurses, concerns remain. This particular issue highlights the need for a more effective selection process whereby those selected are more likely to complete their preregistration programme successfully, and remain employed as Registered Nurses. A longitudinal design was adopted. A questionnaire, which included measures of personality and occupational and academic self-efficacy, was administered to 384 students early in the first year of the study. At the end of the programme, final marks and attrition rates were obtained from university records for a total of 350 students. The data were collected from 1999 to 2002. Individuals who scored higher on a psychoticism scale were more likely to withdraw from the programme. Occupational self-efficacy was revealed to be a statistically significant predictor of final mark obtained, in that those with higher self-efficacy beliefs were more likely to achieve better final marks. Extraversion was also shown to negatively predict academic performance in that those with higher extraversion scores were more likely to achieve lower marks. More research is needed to explore the attributes of successful nursing students and the potential contribution of psychological profiling to a more effective selection process. © 2007 The Authors. Journal compilation 2007 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By :44; Export Date: 23 February 2015; CODEN: JANUD; Correspondence Address: McLaughlin, K.; School of Nursing and Midwifery, Queen's University BelfastUnited Kingdom; email: k.mclaughlin@qub.ac.uk; References: Abdalla, H., Personality correlates of health outcomes in Sudanese university students (2004) Social Behavior and Personality, 32 (4), pp. 321-328; Aluja-Fabregat, A., Torrubia-Beltri, R., Viewing of mass media violence, perception of violence, personality and academic achievement (1998) Personality and Individual Differences, 25, pp. 973-989; Andrew, S.W., Self-efficacy as a predictor of academic performance in science (1998) Journal of Advanced Nursing, 27, pp. 596-603; Bandura, A., (1977) Social Learning Theory., , Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ; Bandura, A., (1986) Social Foundations of Thought and Action: A Social Cognitive Theory., , Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ; Bandura, A., Human agency in social cognitive theory (1989) American Psychologist, 44, pp. 1175-1184; Bandura, A., (1997) Self-Efficacy: The Exercise of Control., , WH Freeman, New York; Bandura, A., Locke, E.A., Negative self-efficacy and goal effects revisited (2003) Journal of Applied Psychology, 88, pp. 87-99; Begley, C.M., White, P., Irish nursing students' changing self-esteem and fear of negative evaluation during their pre-registration programme (2003) Journal of Advanced Nursing, 42 (4), pp. 390-401; Betz, N.E., Hackett, G., (1998) Manual for the Occupational Self-Efficacy Scale., , http://seamonkey.ed.asu.edu/~gail/osesref.htm, Retrieved from. on 12 February 1999; Blickle, G., Personality traits, learning strategies, and performance (1996) European Journal of Personality, 10, pp. 337-352; Campbell, S., Addressing nursing shortages in sub-Saharan Africa (2006) Nursing Standard, 20 (51), pp. 46-50; Cattell, R.B., Personality structure and the new fifth edition of the 16PF (1995) Educational and Psychological Measurement, 55 (6), pp. 926-937; Chako, S.B., Huba, M.E., Academic achievement among undergraduate nursing students: The development and testing of a causal model (1991) Journal of Nursing Education, 30 (6), pp. 267-273; Chamorro-Premuzic, T., Furnham, A., Personality predicts academic performance: Evidence from two longitudinal university samples (2003) Journal of Research in Psychology, 37 (4), pp. 319-338; Costa Jr., P.T., McCrae, R.R., (1992) Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R) and NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI): Professional Manual., , Psychological Assessment Resources, Odessa; Deary, I.J., Watson, R., Hogston, R., A longitudinal cohort study of burnout and attrition in nursing students (2003) Journal of Advanced Nursing, 43 (1), pp. 71-81; Ehrenfeld, M., Rotenberg, A., Sharon, R., Bergman, R., Reasons for student attrition on nursing programmes: A nursing study (1997) Nursing Standard, 11 (23), pp. 34-38; Entwistle, N., Entwistle, D., The relationships between personality, study methods and academic performance (1970) British Journal of Educational Psychology, 40, pp. 132-143; Eysenck, H., Personality patterns in various groups of businessmen (1967) Occupational Psychology, 41, pp. 249-250; Eysenck, H., Psychoticism as a dimension of personality: A reply to Kasielke (1981) Zeitschrift fur Psychologie, 189, pp. 381-386; Eysenck, H.J., Eysenck, M.W., (1985) Personality and Individual Differences: A Natural Science Approach., , Plenum Press, London; Eysenck, H.J., Eysenck, S.B.G., (1991) Manual of the Eysenck Personality Scales (EPS Adult)., , Hodder & Stoughton, London; Eysenck, S.B.G., Eysenck, H.J., Barett, P., A revised version of the psychoticism scale (1985) Personality and Individual Differences, 6, pp. 21-29; Ford-Gilboe, L.M., Laschinger, H.S., Laforet-Fliesser, L., Ward-Griffin, C., Foran, S., The effect of a clinical practicum on undergraduate nursing students' self-efficacy for community-based family nursing practice (1997) Journal of Nursing Education, 36, pp. 212-219; Francis, L.J., Philipchalk, R., Brown, L.B., The comparability of the short form EPQ-R with the EPQ among students in England, the USA, Canada and Australia (1991) Personality and Individual Differences, 12, pp. 1129-1132; Furham, A., Medhurst, S., Personality correlates of academic seminar behaviour: A study of four instruments (1995) Personality and Individual Differences, 19, pp. 197-208; Furnham, A., (1992) Personality at Work. the Role of Individual Differences in the Workplace., , Routeledge, London; Furnham, A., Forde, L., Cotter, T., Personality scores and test taking style (1998) Personality and Individual Differences, 24, pp. 19-23; Gaynor, L., Gallasch, T., Yorkston, E., Stewart, S., Turner, C., Where do all the undergraduate and new graduate nurses go and why? A search for empirical research evidence (2006) The Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing, 24 (2), pp. 26-32; Glossop, C., Student nurse attrition from pre-registration programmes: Investigating methodological issues (2001) Nurse Education Today, 21, pp. 170-180; Goh, D., Moore, C., Personality and academic achievement in three educational levels (1987) Psychological Report, 43, pp. 71-79; Harvey, V., McMurray, N., Self-efficacy: A means of identifying problems in nursing education and career progress (1994) International Journal of Nursing Studies, 31 (5), pp. 471-485; Janiszewski Goodin, H., The nursing shortage in the United States of America: An integrative review of the literature (2003) Journal of Advanced Nursing, 43 (4), pp. 335-350; Jeffreys, M., Predicting non traditional student retention and academic achievement (1998) Nurse Educator, 23 (1), pp. 42-48; Judge, T.A., Bono, J.E., Relationship of core self-evaluation traits - Self-esteem, generalised self-efficacy, locus of control, and emotional stability - A meta-analysis (2001) Journal of Applied Psychology, 86 (1), pp. 80-92; Lai, H., Peng, T., Chang, F., Factors associated with career decision in Taiwanese nursing students: A questionnaire survey (2006) International Journal of Nursing Studies, 43 (5), pp. 581-588; Laschinger, H.K.S., Undergraduate nursing students' health promotion counselling self-efficacy (1996) Journal of Advanced Nursing, 24, pp. 36-41; Lent, R.W., Brown, S.D., Larkin, K.C., Comparison of three theoretically derived variables in predicting career and academic behaviour: Self-efficacy interest congruence and consequence thinking (1987) Journal of Counselling Psychology, 34, pp. 293-297; Lewis, B.R., Wastage from nurse training (1980) Nursing Times, 76, pp. 2027-2029; Lofmark, A., Smide, B., Wikblad, K., Competence of newly-graduated nurses-a comparison of the perceptions of qualified nurses and students (2006) Journal of Advanced Nursing, 53 (6), pp. 721-728; Maqsud, M., Relationships of some personality variables to academic attainment of secondary school (1993) Educational Psychology, 13, pp. 11-18; March, P.L., McPherson, A., The important attributes of a nurse from the perspective of qualified and student nurses (1996) Journal of Advanced Nursing, 24, pp. 810-816; Margolis, H., Increasing struggling learners' self-efficacy: What tutors can do and say (2005) Mentoring and Tutoring: Partnership in Learning, 13 (2), pp. 221-238; McCallum, J., Donaldson, J.H., Lafferty, P., Can an interview score sheet assist with student selection can an interview score sheet assist with student selection onto the bachelor of science/diploma of higher education (adult) nursing programme? Findings from a pilot study (2006) Nurse Education Today, 26, pp. 586-592; McConville, S., Lane, A., Using on-line video clips to enhance self-efficacy toward dealing with difficult situations among nursing students (2006) Nurse Education Today, 26 (3), pp. 200-208; Muldoon, O., Kremer, J., Career aspirations, gender identity and job satisfaction in student nurses (1995) Journal of Advanced Nursing, 21 (3), pp. 544-550; Muldoon, O., Reilly, J., Career choice in nursing students: Gendered constructs as psychological barriers (2003) Journal of Advanced Nursing, 43 (1), pp. 93-100; Multon, K.D., Brown, S.D., Lent, R.W., Relation of self-efficacy beliefs to academic outcomes: A meta-analytic investigation (1991) Journal of Counselling Psychology, 38 (1), pp. 30-38; Pallant, J., (2001) SPSS Survival Manual. A Step by Step Guide to Data Analysis Using SPSS., , Open University Press, Buckingham; Patistea, E., Nurses' perceptions of caring as documented in theory and research (1999) Journal of Clinical Nursing, 8, pp. 487-495; Pervin, L., (1993) Personality: Theory and Research., , John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York; Randle, J., The effect of a 3 year pre-registration training programme on students' self-esteem (2001) Journal of Clinical Nursing, 10, pp. 293-300; Reaveley, W., Wilson, L.J., Personality structure of general and psychiatric student nurses; A comparison (1972) International Journal of Nursing Studies, 9, pp. 225-234; Rinderman, H., Neubauer, A., The influence of personality on three aspects of cognitive performance: Processing speed, intelligence and school performance (2001) Personality and Individual Differences, 30, pp. 829-842; Robshaw, M., Smith, J., Keeping afloat: Student nurses' experiences following assignment referral (2004) Nurse Education Today, 24, pp. 511-520; Sadler, J., Effectiveness of student admission essays in identifying attrition (2003) Nurse Education Today, 23 (8), pp. 620-627; Salamonson, Y., Andrew, S., Academic performance in nursing students: Influence of part-time employment, age and ethnicity (2006) Journal of Advanced Nursing, 55 (3), pp. 342-351; Sanchez-Marin, M., Rejano-Infante, E., Rodriguez-Troyano, Y., Personality and academic productivity in the university student (2001) Social Behaviour and Personality, 29, pp. 299-305; Sand, A., Nurses' personalities, nursing-related qualities and work satisfaction: A 10-year perspective (2003) Journal of Clinical Nursing, 12, pp. 177-187; Sasat, S., Burnard, P., Edwards, D., Naiyapatana, W., Hebden, U., Boonrod, W., Arayathanitkul, B., Wogmak, W., Self esteem and student nurses: A cross cultural study of nursing students in Thailand and the UK (2002) Nursing and Health Sciences, 4, pp. 4-14; Vancouver, J.B., Thompson, C.M., Williams, A.A., The changing signs in the relationships among self-efficacy, personal goals and performance (2001) Journal of Applied Psychology, 86 (4), pp. 605-620; Zeidner, M., Personality trait correlates of intelligence (1995) International Handbook of Personality and Intelligence. Perspectives on Individual Differences, pp. 299-319. , In. Saklofske, D. Zeidner, M., eds. Plenum Press, New York, pp; Zeidner, M., Matthews, G., Intelligence and personality (2000) Handbook of Intelligence, pp. 581-610. , In. Sternberg, R., ed. Cambridge University Press, New York, pp; Zimmerman, B.J., Self-efficacy: An essential motive to learn (2000) Contemporary Educational Psychology, 25 (1), pp. 82-91
Uncontrolled Keywords: Academic performance; Attrition; Nursing students; Personality; Recruitment; Selection; Self-efficacy; adolescent; adult; article; education; female; human; longitudinal study; male; nursing student; personnel management; psychological aspect; questionnaire; self concept; student; Educational Measurement; Humans; Longitudinal Studies; Personnel Selection; Questionnaires; Self Efficacy; Student Dropouts; Students, Nursing
Depositing User: Colin Lowry
Last Modified: 27 Nov 2015 09:52
URI: http://eprints.teachingandlearning.ie/id/eprint/2990

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year