Examining the development of sketch thinking and behaviour

Lane, D. and Seery, N. (2011) Examining the development of sketch thinking and behaviour. [Conference Proceedings]

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Research (Lane et al., 2010b, 2010c), concerning the development of expertise in freehand sketching among students within an Initial Technology Teacher Education (ITTE) programme provides significant indicators that sketching is a teachable skill. Analysing and reporting on any development in sketching expertise can sometimes be difficult and become subject to debate, particularly where casual observations and independent opinions are solely relied upon (Verstijnen, 1998). This paper reports on the application of a visual and verbal protocol analysis tool (Middleton, 2008) to measure pre-instruction sketching behaviour of third year undergraduate students. Forty one students volunteered to take part in visual and verbal protocol analysis which was carried out simultaneous to a Design and Communication Graphics module. A core element of this module was the development of sketching expertise and the ability to engage in creative discovery within a specially designed model (Lane et al., 2010b, p.88). Considering the richness of the data gathered using visual and verbal protocol analysis, it was deemed appropriate to solely analyse and report on students who perceived their sketching ability as advanced beginner (Dreyfus & Dreyfus, 1986). It was found that the advanced beginner students did not engage in any significant level of exploration during a prescribed sketching based design task. This could be related to their perceived poor level of sketching ability and their inability to graphically communicate. The research argument presented in this paper is based on the application of Middleton's (2008) visual and verbal protocol analysis model which attempts to establish the attributes that students need to develop in order to reach a high level of sketching expertise. The findings have potential to inform the future direction of pedagogical practices that focus on freehand sketching within graphical education. © 2011 American Society for Engineering Education.

Item Type: Conference Proceedings
Additional Information: Conference code: 86004; Export Date: 23 February 2015; Correspondence Address: Lane, D.; University of LimerickIreland; References: Adamson, R.E., Functional fixedness as related to problem solving: A repetition of three experiments (1952) Journal of Experimental Psychology, 44, pp. 288-291; Cohen, L., Manion, L., Morrison, K., (2007) Research Methods in Education, , London, Routledge; Dreyfus, H.L., Dreyfus, S.E., (1986) Mind over Machine: The Power of Human Intuition and Expertise in the Era of the Computer, , New York, The Free Press; Hope, G., (2008) Thinking and Learning Through Drawing, , London, Sage Publications Limited; Kavakli, M., Suwa, M., Gero, J., Purcell, T., Sketching interpretation in novice and expert designers (1999) Visual Reasoning in Design, , GERO, J. S., TVERSKY, B. (ed.). Sydney: Key Centre of Design Computing and Cognition, University of Sydney; Lane, D., Seery, N., Freehand sketching as a catalyst for developing concept driven competencies (2010) American Society of Engineering Education Annual Conference, , Louisville, Kentucky; Lane, D., Seery, N., Gordon, S., The understated value of freehand sketching in technology education (2009) Engineering Design Graphics Journal, 73, pp. 13-22; Lane, D., Seery, N., Gordon, S., A paradigm for promoting visual synthesis through freehand sketching (2010) Design and Technology Education: An International Journal, 15, p. 23; Lane, D., Seery, N., Gordon, S., Promoting creative discovery and mental synthesis through freehand sketching (2010) Visualizing Change: Graphics on the Horizon, , Houghton, Michigan; Middleton, H., Examining design thinking (2008) Researching Technology Education - Methods and Techniques, , MIDDLETON, H. (ed.). Rotterdam: Sense Publications; (2011) Leaving Certificate Examinations, 2011 Technology CourseWork Briefs, , State-Examinations-Commission, DEPARTMENT-OF-EDUCATION-AND-SCIENCE (ed.). Dublin; Suwa, M., Purcell, T., Gero, J., Macroscopic analysis of design processes based on a scheme for coding designers' cognitive actions (1998) Design Studies, 19, p. 29; Verstijnen, I., Hennessey, Jm., Van Leeuwen, C., Hamel, R., Goldschmidt, G., Sketching and creative discovery (1998) Design Studies, 19, p. 28
Uncontrolled Keywords: Core elements; Design tasks; Designed models; Freehand sketching; Future directions; Pedagogical practices; Teacher education; Undergraduate students; Verbal protocol analysis; Design; Education computing; Engineering education; Teaching; Students
Depositing User: National Forum
Date Deposited: 04 Dec 2015 07:20
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2015 21:45
URI: http://eprints.teachingandlearning.ie/id/eprint/2710

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