The health professions admission test (HPAT) score and leaving certificate results can independently predict academic performance in medical school: Do we need both tests?

Halpenny, D. and Cadoo, K. and Halpenny, M. and Burke, J. and Torreggiani, W. C. (2010) The health professions admission test (HPAT) score and leaving certificate results can independently predict academic performance in medical school: Do we need both tests? Irish Medical Journal, 103 (10). pp. 1-3. ISSN 03323102 (ISSN)

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Abstract

A recent study 1 raised concerns regarding the ability of the health professions admission test (HPAT) Ireland to improve the selection process in Irish medical schools. We aimed to establish whether performance in a mock HPAT correlated with academic success in medicine. A modified HPAT examination and a questionnaire were administered to a group of doctors and medical students. There was a significant correlation between HPAT score and college results (r2: 0.314, P = 0.018, Spearman Rank) and between leaving cert score and college results (r2: 0.306, P= 0.049, Spearman Rank). There was no correlation between leaving cert points score and HPAT score. There was no difference in HPAT score across a number of other variables including gender, age and medical speciality. Our results suggest that both the HPAT Ireland and the leaving certificate examination could act as independent predictors of academic achievement in medicine.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By :1; Export Date: 23 February 2015; CODEN: IMDJB; Correspondence Address: Torreggiani, W. C.; Department of Radiology, AMNCH, Tallaght, Dublin 24, Ireland; email: William.Torreggiani@amnch.ie; References: Quinn, A., Corrigan, M.A., Broderick, J., McEntee, G., Hill, A.D.K., A Comparison of Performances of Consultant Surgeons, NCHDs and Medical Students in a Modified HPAT Examination (2010) IMJ, 103, p. 6; Wilkinson, D., Zhang, J., Byrne, G.J., Luke, H., Ozolins, I.Z., Parker, M.H., Peterson, R.F., Medical school selection criteria and the prediction of academic performance (2008) Med J Aust., 188, pp. 349-354. , Mar 17; Lynch, B., Mackenzie, R., Dowell, J., Cleland, J., Prescott, G., Does the UKCAT predict Year 1 performance in medical school? (2009) Med Educ., 43, pp. 1203-1209. , Dec; Julian, E.R., Validity of the Medical College Admission Test for predicting medical school performance (2005) Acad Med., 80, pp. 910-917. , Oct; Ferguson, E., James, D., Madeley, L., Factors associated with success in medical school: Systematic review of the literature (2002) BMJ., 324, pp. 952-957. , Apr 20; Goho, J., Blackman, A., The effectiveness of academic admission interviews: An exploratory meta-analysis (2006) Med Teach., 28, pp. 335-340. , Jun; Donnon, T., Paolucci, E.O., Violato, C., The predictive validity of the MCAT for medical school performance and medical board licensing examinations: A meta-analysis of the published research (2007) Acad Med., 82, pp. 100-106. , Jan; Kulatunga-Moruzi, C., Norman, G.R., Validity of admissions measures in predicting performance outcomes: The contribution of cognitive and non-cognitive dimensions (2002) Teach Learn Med., 14 (WINTER), pp. 34-42; James, D., Yates, J., Nicholson, S., Comparison of A level and UKCAT performance in students applying to UK medical and dental schools in 2006: Cohort study (2010) BMJ., 340, pp. c478. , Feb 16
Uncontrolled Keywords: academic achievement; article; female; Health Professions Admission Test Score; human; Ireland; leaving certificate examination; male; medical education; medical school; medical student; physician; prediction; questionnaire; scoring system; specialization; student recruitment; teaching hospital
Depositing User: Colin Lowry
Last Modified: 27 Nov 2015 09:50
URI: http://eprints.teachingandlearning.ie/id/eprint/2420

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