Design and development of a new facility for teaching and research in clinical anatomy

Greene, JRT (2009) Design and development of a new facility for teaching and research in clinical anatomy. Anatomical Sciences Education, 2 (1). pp. 34-40. ISSN 19359772 (ISSN)

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Abstract

This article discusses factors in the design, commissioning, project management, and intellectual property protection of developments within a new clinical anatomy facility in the United Kingdom. The project was aimed at creating cost-effective facilities that would address widespread concerns over anatomy teaching, and support other activities central to the university mission-namely research and community interaction. The new facilities comprise an engaging learning environment and were designed to support a range of pedagogies appropriate to the needs of healthcare professionals at different stages of their careers. Specific innovations include integrated workstations each comprising of a dissection table, with removable top sections, an overhead operating light, and ceiling-mounted camera. The tables incorporate waterproof touch-screen monitors to display images from the camera, an endoscope or a database of images, videos, and tutorials. The screens work independently so that instructors can run different teaching sessions simultaneously and students can progress at different speeds to suit themselves. Further, database access is provided from within an integrated anatomy and pathology museum and display units dedicated to the correlation of cross-sectional anatomy with medical imaging. A new functional neuroanatomy modeling system, called the BrainTower®, has been developed to aid integration of anatomy with physiology and clinical neurology. Many aspects of the new facility are reproduced within a Mobile Teaching Unit, which can be driven to hospitals, colleges, and schools to provide appropriate work-based education and community interaction. © 2009 American Association of Anatomists.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By :11; Export Date: 23 February 2015; Correspondence Address: Greene, J.R.T.; Department of Anatomy, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland; email: jrtg@ucc.ie; References: Chickering, A.W., Gamson, Z.F., Seven principles for good practice in undergraduate education (1987) AAHE Bulletin, 39, pp. 3-7; Dyer, G.S., Thorndike, M.E., Quidne mortui vivos docent? The evolving purpose of human dissection in medical education (2000) Acad Med, 75, pp. 969-979; Fraher, J., Anatomy 2020. The Anatomical Society of Great Britain and Ireland Newsletter, Brighton, UK (2007) Anastomosis, pp. 7-8. , http://www.anatsoc.org.uk/news/attachments/spring_2007.pdf, Spring:, URL:, accessed 20 December 2008; Frank, R.G., (1980) Harvey and the Oxford Physiologists: Scientific Ideas and Social Interaction, , 1st Ed. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. 383 p; Greene, J.R.T., Effects of detailed information about dissection on intentions to bequeath bodies for use in teaching and research (2003) J Anat, 202, pp. 475-477; Greene, J.R.T., Implementing change: Revision of bequest documentation and dissection room management in Bristol. Inst Anat (2003) Sci J, 12, pp. 23-26; Greene, J.R.T., Income from enterprise: A study of entrepreneurship in the English higher education sector. University of Bath: Bath, UK (2006) Master of Business Administration Degree, , Thesis, 93 p; Greene, J.R.T., Integrated cross-sectional neuroanatomy and neuroradiology workstation (2007) Abstracts of British Neuroscience Association 19th National Meeting; Harrogate, , North Yorkshire, United Kingdom, Apr. 1-4; Abstract P70.01. Liverpool, UK: British Neuroscience Association; Gunderman, R.B., Wilson, P.K., Exploring the human interior: The roles of cadaver dissection and radiologic imaging in teaching anatomy (2005) Acad Med, 80, pp. 745-749; Human Tissue Act. 2004. Human Tissue Act 2004 (Chapter 30). London, , http://www.opsi.gov.uk/ACTS/acts2004/ukpga_20040030_en_1, UK: Office of Public Sector Information. URL:, accessed 20 December 2008; MacDonald, H., (2006) Human Remains: Dissection and Its Histories, , 1st Ed. London, UK: Yale University Press. 224 p; McLachlan, J.C., Bligh, J., Bradley, P., Searle, J., Teaching anatomy without cadavers (2004) Med Educ, 38, pp. 418-424; Moxham, B.J., Plaisant, O., Perception of medical students towards the clinical relevance of anatomy (2007) Clin Anat, 20, pp. 560-564; Rainsbury, D., Barbour, A., Mahadevan, V., Anatomy Teaching-The cruellest cut of all (2007) Ann R Coll Surg Engl, 89, pp. S196-S197; Older, J., Anatomy: A must for teaching the next generation (2004) Surgeon, 2, pp. 79-90; Spackman, R., Wrigley, B., Roberts, A., Quinn, M., The inferior hypogastric plexus: A different view (2007) J Obstet Gynaecol, 27, pp. 130-133; Ulrich, K.T., Eppinger, S.D., (2003) Product Design and Development, , 2nd Ed. Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill. 384 p; Wiles, C.C., Wrigley, B., Greene, J.R., Re-examination of the medullary rootlets of the accessory and vagus nerves (2007) Clin Anat, 20, pp. 19-22; Winkelmann, A., Anatomical dissection as a teaching method in medical school: A review of the evidence (2007) Med Educ, 41, pp. 15-22
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dissection; Education; Neuroanatomy; Postgraduate; Radiology; access to information; anatomy; article; audiovisual equipment; clinical education; clinical research; educational technology; functional anatomy; health care facility; knowledge base; priority journal; United Kingdom; university; cadaver; computer interface; computer simulation; construction work and architectural phenomena; equipment design; human; information center; instrumentation; medical research; patent; public relations; Biomedical Research; Community-Institutional Relations; Facility Design and Construction; Great Britain; Humans; Intellectual Property; Models, Anatomic; Museums; Universities; User-Computer Interface
Depositing User: Colin Lowry
Last Modified: 27 Nov 2015 09:50
URI: http://eprints.teachingandlearning.ie/id/eprint/2398

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