Student perspectives on pharmacy curriculum and instruction in Egyptian schools

El-Awady, E. S. E. and Moss, S. and Mottram, D. and O'Donnell, J. (2006) Student perspectives on pharmacy curriculum and instruction in Egyptian schools. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 70 (1). ISSN 00029459 (ISSN)

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Abstract

Objectives. To determine student attitudes and opinions towards pharmacy education in Egyptian universities to provide information for designing delivery of a revised pharmacy curriculum. Methods. Students were recruited from the pharmacy faculties at a government-sponsored university and a privately funded university. Data were gathered using a structured questionnaire and statistically analyzed. Responses from open questions were subjected to thematic analysis. Results. Students spent widely differing amounts of time on non-classroom study, little of which was self-directed. This was reflected in the low frequency of use of library facilities and the preference of students for passively acquired information. Themes that emerged on how students would improve the curriculum were to increase the use of computers and the Internet; make the course more relevant to pharmacy practice and/or clinical pharmacy; improve and expand the practical components of the course; increase their own involvement in learning; and increase their understanding of subjects as well as their knowledge. For many of the questions, there was a significant different between the responses of students at the 2 universities. Conclusions. Students relied on classroom teaching and devoted little time to self-directed study. However, students were aware of international developments in pharmacy education and practice and are receptive to change.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Cited By :7; Export Date: 23 February 2015; Correspondence Address: Mottram, D.; School of Pharmacy and Chemistry, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, L3 3AF, United Kingdom; email: d.r.mottram@livjm.ac.uk; References: Barzak, M.Y., Ball, P.A., Ledger, R., Rationale and efficacy of problem-based learning and computer-assisted learning in pharmaceutical education (2001) Pharm Educ, 1, pp. 105-113; Papers from the commission to implement change in pharmaceutical education. Background paper I: What is the mission of pharmaceutical education? (1993) Am J Pharm Educ, 57, pp. 374-376; Educational Outcomes 2004, , http://www.aacp.org, Accessed March 31st 2005; A vision of pharmacy's future roles, responsibilities, and manpower needs in the United States (2000) Pharmacotherapy, 20, pp. 991-1020; http://www.qaa.ac.uk/crntwork/benchmark/phase2/pharmacy.htm, Accessed 13th December 2004Sie, D., Bates, I., Aggarwal, R., Borja-Lopetegi, A., An analysis of the new UK master of pharmacy degree programme: Rhetoric or reality (2003) Pharm Educ, 3, pp. 169-175; http://www.coacs.com/pccal, Accessed January 31st 2005Antal, I., Matyus, P., Marton, S., Vincze, Z., Developing the pharmacy curriculum in a Hungarian faculty (2002) Pharm Educ, 1, pp. 241-246; Popa, A., Crisan, O., Sandulescu, R., Bojita, M., Pharmaceutical care and pharmacy education in Romania (2002) Pharm Educ, 2, pp. 11-14; Sramkova, P., De Jong-Van Den Berg, L.T.W., Oerlemans, A., Comparison of Dutch and Czech systems of pharmacy studies (2004) Pharm Educ, 4, pp. 153-163; http://www.fip.org/education/C-F/EGYP.html, Accessed March 31st 2005Higher Education Enhancement Programme (HEEP) for Egypt, , http://www.tempus-egypt.com.html, Accessed 2nd April 2005; (2004) The Third International Internet Education Conference, , http://www.distant-learning.net/contact.shtml, Cairo, Egypt, October; http://www.etf.eu.int/tempus.nsf, Accessed January 31, 2005Delva, M.D., Woodhouse, R.A., Hains, S., Birtwhistle, R.E., Knapper, C., Kirby, J.R., Does PBL matter? Relations between instructional context, learning strategies and learning outcomes (2000) Adv Health Serv Educ, 5, pp. 167-177; Cheng, J.W.M., Alafris, A., Kirschenbaum, H.L., Kalis, M.M., Brown, M.E., Problem-based learning versus traditional lecturing in pharmacy students' short-term examination performance (2003) Pharm Educ, 3, pp. 117-125; Cisneros, R.M., Salisbury-Glennon, J.D., Anderson-Harper, H.M., Status of problem-based learning research in pharmacy education: A call for future research (2002) Am J Pharm Educ, 66, pp. 19-26; Kidd, R.S., Johnson, M.S., Smith, D.L., Robinson, E.T., Newton, D.W., An incremental approach to incorporating case-based learning into pharmacy curricula (2003) Pharm Educ, 3, pp. 17-28; Mailhot, C., St-Jean, M., Review process for an entry-level degree program in pharmacy: A successful approach (2002) Pharm Educ, 2, pp. 117-127
Uncontrolled Keywords: Computer-assisted learning; Curriculum development; Education; Egypt; Pharmacy; Problem-based learning; Student perspectives; article; attitude; curriculum; methodology; pharmacist; pharmacy student; school; teaching; United States; university; Education, Pharmacy; Faculty; Pharmacists; Schools, Pharmacy; Students, Pharmacy; Universities
Depositing User: Colin Lowry
Last Modified: 27 Nov 2015 02:39
URI: http://eprints.teachingandlearning.ie/id/eprint/2196

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