Revisiting 1:1 and 2:1 clinical placement models: Student and clinical educator perspectives

O'Connor, Anne and Cahill, Mairead and McKay, Elizabeth A. (2012) Revisiting 1:1 and 2:1 clinical placement models: Student and clinical educator perspectives. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 59 (4). pp. 276-283. ISSN 00450766

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Aim: A recent systematic review suggests that more comparative research is required on the effectiveness of clinical placement models. This study explored perspectives of clinical educators and students who had participated in both the 1:1 (one student supervised by one clinical educator) and 2:1 (two students supervised by one clinical educator) models of clinical education across occupational therapy and physiotherapy programmes in Ireland. Methods: Qualitative data using a descriptive approach were gathered through individual semi-structured interviews with a convenience sample of 12 students and eight clinical educators. Transcripts were analysed using thematic content analysis. Results: Three main themes emerged: learning opportunities and experiences; organisation and planning; relationships. Although clinical educators felt that the 2:1 model offered greater learning experiences than the 1:1 model, it presented organisational challenges. Students preferred the 2:1 model earlier in their clinical experience due to the benefits of peer learning, whereas the 1:1 model was favoured in the latter stages to demonstrate individual autonomy. Relationships forged during placement were significant, from the student's perspectives, but differed between models. Clinical educator and student perspectives indicated that learning from other members of the multidisciplinary team had a positive effect on learning within both models. Conclusion: Each clinical placement model requires specific organisational and planning skills to be effective. An awareness of individual student learning is essential to avoid dissatisfaction with the learning and assessment process on a 2:1 model. Recently established clinical education teams in Ireland may have a role to play in developing effective clinical learning. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]; Copyright of Australian Occupational Therapy Journal is the property of Wiley-Blackwell and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: O'connor, Anne 1; Email Address: Cahill, Mairead 1 Mckay, Elizabeth A. 2; Affiliation: 1: Department of Clinical Therapies, Faculty of Education and Health Sciences, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland 2: Division of Occupational Therapy, Brunel University, London, UK; Source Info: Aug2012, Vol. 59 Issue 4, p276; Subject Term: CLINICAL supervision; Subject Term: METHODOLOGY; Subject Term: CONTENT analysis (Communication); Subject Term: EDUCATION -- Research; Subject Term: EXPERIENCE; Subject Term: INTERNSHIP programs; Subject Term: INTERVIEWING; Subject Term: RESEARCH -- Methodology; Subject Term: PHYSICAL therapy -- Study & teaching; Subject Term: SAMPLING (Statistics); Subject Term: STUDENTS; Subject Term: STUDENTS -- Attitudes; Subject Term: CLINICAL competence; Subject Term: QUALITATIVE research; Subject Term: OCCUPATIONAL therapy; Subject Term: THEMATIC analysis; Subject Term: STUDY & teaching; Subject Term: IRELAND; Author-Supplied Keyword: clinical education; Author-Supplied Keyword: professional education; Author-Supplied Keyword: qualitative research; Author-Supplied Keyword: supervision; NAICS/Industry Codes: 611710 Educational Support Services; NAICS/Industry Codes: 611699 All Other Miscellaneous Schools and Instruction; NAICS/Industry Codes: 923110 Administration of Education Programs; NAICS/Industry Codes: 541910 Marketing Research and Public Opinion Polling; Number of Pages: 8p; Document Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: CLINICAL supervision; METHODOLOGY; CONTENT analysis (Communication); EDUCATION -- Research; EXPERIENCE; INTERNSHIP programs; INTERVIEWING; RESEARCH -- Methodology; PHYSICAL therapy -- Study & teaching; SAMPLING (Statistics); STUDENTS; STUDENTS -- Attitudes; CLINICAL competence; QUALITATIVE research; OCCUPATIONAL therapy; THEMATIC analysis; STUDY & teaching; IRELAND; clinical education; professional education; supervision
Depositing User: National Forum
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2015 08:20
Last Modified: 10 Dec 2015 08:26

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