Issues in organisation and management of multidisciplinary group design projects

Keating, K. and Brougham, C. and Gavin, G. and Reilly, G. (2013) Issues in organisation and management of multidisciplinary group design projects. [Conference Proceedings]

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In education project teams that reflect organisational concepts considered normal in industrial design teams have a range of benefits for learning and graduate employability. They present a range of issues in terms of management of individual and group expectations. This paper focuses primarily on the issues of expectation and perceived performance as they manifest themselves through self-assessment. It interprets student perception and expectations of their individual and group performance, along with the experiences of their tutors in the management of a capstone group design project in the graduating year on the BSc in Medical Device Innovation at the Dublin Institute of Technology. In summary we found fewer issues in traditional problem areas such as student motivation, initiative, quality of individual work, and more issues related to interpersonal relationships, personal expectations in group-work, group dynamics, group management/decision making and the pacing of the group project against a characteristic time schedule. We also found students had a tendency to assess and score their individual contribution higher than their peers, and their tutors, and to collectively assess their collaborative outputs higher than the sum of their individual contributions. This paper makes the case for transparent assessment of the learning process, the design process and the design product.

Item Type: Conference Proceedings
Additional Information: Conference code: 101606; Export Date: 23 February 2015; Correspondence Address: School of Manufacturing and Design Engineering, Dublin Institute of TechnologyIreland; References: Matsuki, N., Takeda, M., Yamano, M., Imai, Y., Ishikawa, T., Yamaguchi, T., Effects of unique biomedical education programs for engineers: Redeem and esteem projects (2009) Adv Physiol Educ, 33 (2), pp. 91-97; Matsuki, N., Takeda, M., Yamano, M., Imai, Y., Ishikawa, T., Yamaguchi, T., Designing a clinical education program for engineers: The esteem project (2010) J Interprof Care, 24 (6), pp. 738-741; Tuckman, B.W., Developmental sequence in small groups (1965) Psychological Bulletin, 63 (6), pp. 384-399; Tuckman, B.W., Jensen, M.A., Stages of small-group development revisited (1977) Group and Orgainsational Studies, 2, pp. 419-427; Ratcheva, V., Integrating diverse knowledge through boundary spanning processes - The case of multidisciplinary project teams (2009) International Journal of Project Management, 27 (3), pp. 206-215; (2010) Engineering: Issues, Challenges and Opportunities for Development, , UNESCO, UNESCO, Paris; Détienne, F., Baker, M., Burkhardt, J.-M., Perspectives on quality of collaboration in design (2012) CoDesign: International Journal of CoCreation in Design and the Arts, 8 (4), pp. 197-199; Feast, L., Professional perspectives on collaborative design work (2012) CoDesign: International Journal of CoCreation in Design and the Arts, 8 (4), pp. 215-230; Cureu, P.L., Pluut, H., Student groups as learning entities: The effect of group diversity and teamwork quality on groups' cognitive complexity (2011) Studies in Higher Education, 38 (1), pp. 87-103; Gupta, M.L., Enhancing student performance through cooperative learning in physical sciences (2004) Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 29 (1), pp. 63-73; Boud, D., Cohen, R., Sampson, J., (1999) Peer Learning and Assessment, Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 24 (4), pp. 413-426; Boud, D., Walker, D., Making the most of experience (1990) Studies in Continuing Education, 12 (2), pp. 61-71; Johnston, L., Miles, L., Assessing contributions to group assignments (2004) Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 29 (6), pp. 751-768; Gruenther, K., Bailey, R., Wilson, J., Plucker, C., Hashmi, H., The influence of prior industry experience and multidisciplinary teamwork on student design learning in a capstone design course (2009) Design Studies, 30 (6), pp. 721-736; Jaques, D., (2000) Learning in Groups, , 3rd ed., Kogan Page, London; Helle, L., Tynjälä, P., Olkinuora, E., (2006) Project-Based Learning in Post-Secondary Education - Theory, Practice and Rubber Sling Shots, Higher Education, 51 (2), pp. 287-314; Harrison, G.P., Ewen, M.D., Williams, D.A., Promoting interdisciplinarity in engineering teaching (2007) European Journal of Engineering Education, 32 (3), pp. 285-293
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biomedical device design; Collaborative learning; Multidisciplinary group projects; Biomedical devices; Characteristic time; Interpersonal relationship; Multi-disciplinary groups; Perceived performance; Student motivation; Student perceptions; Biomedical equipment; Product design; Students
Depositing User: National Forum
Date Deposited: 08 Dec 2015 21:40
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2015 21:40

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